Thursday, October 24, 2019

android kotlin - joinToString example

MainActivity.kt

package com.example.jetpack

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import android.os.Bundle
import kotlinx.android.synthetic.main.activity_main.*

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

        // Create a list with values
        val list = listOf("RED","GREEN","YELLOW","MAGENTA","PINK","WHITE")

        btn.setOnClickListener {
            textView.text = "List:\n"

            // Iterate through the list
            list.forEach {
                textView.append("\n$it")
            }
        }

        btnSimple.setOnClickListener {
            // Simply join the list elements to a string
            val joinedString = list.joinToString {
                it.toLowerCase()
            }
            textView.text = "$joinedString"
        }

        btnJoinToString.setOnClickListener {
            // Join list elements to string in more formatted way
            val convertedString = list.joinToString(
                " | ", // separator
                "[", // prefix
                "]", // postfix
                4, // limit
                "..." // truncated
                ){
                it.toLowerCase()
            }

            textView.text = "$convertedString"
        }
    }
}
activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnJoinToString"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        android:text="joinToString"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/btnSimple"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        android:text="List"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnSimple"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        android:text="Simple"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/btn"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginStart="16dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
        android:layout_marginEnd="16dp"
        android:padding="16dp"
        android:text="List Example"
        android:textAppearance="@style/TextAppearance.AppCompat.Medium"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/btn"
        android:textStyle="bold" />
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>